The condition in which the veins in the region of anus or lower rectum become swollen is termed as hemorrhoids. These can be external or internal meaning they can be seen under the skin of the anus region or inside the anus. Individuals who suffer with constipation for prolonged periods are at high risk for hemorrhoids. Other causes that can lead to hemorrhoids include aging, pregnancy, obesity, prolonged diarrhea and anal intercourse. Pregnancy related hemorrhoids are temporary and will disappear after pregnancy.
Even though the hemorrhoid symptoms are not life threatening, it is vastly irritating with severe pain. However, some patients are very lucky that they do not experience any of the hemorrhoids symptoms. The most general symptoms seen in hemorrhoids are stool covered by blood or blood may be seen on toilet paper. In some cases the above symptoms may not be seen, but rubbing in the affected region may result in oozing of blood and mucus. Itching could develop from oozing mucus. The external hemorrhoids exist as hard lumps that can be felt by hand and are extremely painful compared to internal hemorrhoids.
Bleeding in the region of anus is the primary diagnosis for hemorrhoids. However, bleeding could be due to other problems such as colorectal cancer and other digestive problems. It is essential to consult a doctor if you observe any abnormal lumps in the anal region or bleeding from the anus. Generally, the doctor will examine the anus region with finger to feel for the presence of any hard lumps. Further examination is done through anoscope which gives a clear picture of internal region of anus. If examining of the anus does not give a clear indication of hemorrhoids then the doctor performs a colonoscopy where the entire colon is examined for the presence of any digestive system disorders.
To prevent worsening of hemorrhoids it is essential to seek doctor’s advice as soon as they are identified. As hemorrhoids are associated with severe pain, the first measure your doctor will take is to relieve the pain. Hemorrhoidal creams are used to cure hemorrhoids. To ensure proper healing of the affected region it is essential to prevent the recurrence of hemorrhoids. It can be achieved by regulating constipation which can be done by consuming fiber rich diet. Fresh fruits and vegetable are good source of fiber. If natural remedies do not answer the problem of constipation then the doctor may recommend fiber supplements like methylcellulose and psyllium.
In more severe cases, hemorrhoids are removed surgically. Various procedures are adopted to remove hemorrhoids. They include rubber band ligation where a band is placed around the rectal region. The band prevents the circulation to the affected region which finally results in drying of the hemorrhoids. Another approach to shrink hemorrhoids is injection of chemical solutions to the affected region.
Reducing the pressure over the region of rectum will prevent hemorrhoids. Your stools should be soft and can achieve by consuming fiber rich diets and by doing exercises such as walking regularly.