Everyone has heard enough of the Lyme disease but knowing how it is caused and how serious it can be is also important. It is equally important to know how you can recognize the symptoms of Lyme disease. Here are some of the well-known identification characteristics of Lyme disease that can help you identify the ailment.
Lyme disease is caused as a result of a bite from an infected blacklegged tick. The tick is also called as the deer tick. It is seen that children in the age group of 5 to 14 are the most affected by this disease. The most common symptom of the Lyme disease is a rash, which is addressed as erythema. Around 70-80% people affected by Lyme disease have a circular rash that starts from the place where the tick bite has occurred. The rash starts expanding from that point and can appear within a period of 3 to 30 days after the person has been bitten. Once the rash appears it can expand to almost 12 inches within a few days of appearance. As the rash starts expanding the center might clear up that leaves the remaining rash look like a bull’s eye.
Days after the rash would have appeared one can see lesions appearing on different areas of the body. It is not that everyone suffering from Lyme disease would suffer from a rash. There are many people who can also suffer from fatigue. Fatigue of the Lyme disease is characterized by lack of energy and indifference. It is also accompanied by feeling sleepy and being drowsy all the time.
The other symptom of Lyme disease is chills. People affected by the disease suffer from shivering, feeling of cold and paleness. All these occur even though the person is not exposed to cold temperatures. Chills can occur in the beginning of the infection and is usually associated with fever. Fever is a defense mechanism of the body that makes it difficult for most of the bacteria and viruses to survive. Lyme disease causes fever accompanied by headache most of the times. In case the disease goes untreated for a long time many patients start showing signs of joint pain and occasional arthritis. The keens are the most affected in this situation.
Lymph nodes from the part of the body’s lymphatic system and when the body cannot cope up with fighting the infection the lymph nodes get swollen up. The swollen glands are usually found under the infected area near the tick bite. When people complain of swollen glands in the neck they usually refer to the lymph nodes.
The other symptoms include loss of muscle tone, stiffness in the neck because of meningitis, severe shooting pain that can often interfere with sleep, dizziness and heart palpitation because of change in the heartbeat and severe headache. A very minor percentage of people might also complain of neurological problems months or years after the infection; some of the symptoms include numbness or tingling in the feet or hands, short-term memory and problem with concentration. It is important to get immediate medical attention to prevent any severe outcome of the disease.