The production and passing of gas is quite normal. Gas is produced as a result of swallowing air and due to digestion of food particles. Some of this gas is eliminated through belching and the rest of it passes through the small intestine. But, some people produce excess of stomach gas that is very inconvenient to bear. Taking appropriate dietary measures is the best remedy to reduce the gas production. Here are some simple tips for controlling stomach gas.
• Carbohydrate rich foods are the major culprits for gas formation. Hence, reduce the consumption of foods rich in sugars. Sugars such as lactose, raffinose, sorbitol and fructose increase gas formation. Foods such as fruit drinks, pears, onions, sugary candies and gums are rich in these sugars. Hence, their consumption should be reduced for controlling stomach gas formation.
• Starchy foods such as potatoes, corn, noodles and wheat increase the risk of gas formation. So, reduce the consumption of these foods. Rice is the only starchy food that can be consumed without any fear of gas formation.
• Increased consumption of alcohol, it reduces the extent of digestion and hence, gas formation increases. To overcome the problem of gas formation, it is essential to quit alcohol consumption.
• If the extent of gas formation is very high, consider using either over the counter drugs such as antacids or certain prescription drugs to reduce gas formation.
• Foaming agents such as simethicone can be used to easily eliminate the gas out of the stomach by belching.
• If milk is causing you to produce more gas, consider using lactase enzyme either in liquid form or tablet form to aid in milk digestion.
• Increase the extent of water consumption. But avoid taking carbonated drinks.
• Quit habits such as smoking.
• Reduce the consumption of foods that are rich in insoluble fiber. These foods remain in the intestine undigested for a very long time and cause gas production.
• If you have the problem of constipation, take appropriate measures such as increased consumption of water and practice of exercises to get rid of constipation.
• Certain medications also increase the risk of gas production. Hence, before using any drugs, consult your physician if they have any side effects.
• Apart from the above dietary measures, it is essential to take appropriate measures to reduce the extent of air swallowed. This can be achieved by chewing the food thoroughly and eating slowly.
• Avoid taking a nap or sitting idle after having a meal. Remain active. This helps to fasten the digestion process reducing the extent of gas formation.
If any of the above measures are not working, then it is essential to consult a physician to identify any medical condition that is increasing the extent of gas production.
Lastly, some people may be sensitive to certain foods while others do not show any symptoms of gas production to the same foods. Hence, identification of foods that are increasing the risk of gas formation should be done on a trial and error basis.