Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the conditions which are on rise in people of all age groups. It is characterized by frequent backing of the contents of the stomach into the esophagus; there are also some medical complications that can arise from this condition. Heartburn is the most common symptom. It also causes a pain in the chest, which is quite identical to the pain felt during heart attack. Often, the condition is diagnosed after repeated incidents of chest pain that are unrelated to any heart disease.
Having heartburn is not harmful. Almost 20 percent of the adult population in the United States, experience the symptoms of GERD and acid regurgitation once in a week. But, if the heartburn is frequent and is left untreated then the acid from the stomach can inflame the esophageal lining and narrow the tube. The inflammation of the esophagus is a complication associated with GERD, which leads to interference with swallowing. The symptoms of GERD usually occur together, but there are times that only one symptom may become visible.
The pain in the chest related to GERD can spread perpendicularly from the gut to the esophagus. The heartburn associated with it can also become worse when you tend to bend or lift something or at times even after eating. The heartburn usually increases with age. The best way that you can treat acid reflux is by altering the diet. There are also a number of prescription drugs available in the market that should be taken only after consultation from a doctor. The other symptoms of the condition include huskiness of the voice in the morning. There can also be sensation of nausea, vomiting, coughing in the morning and a stomach upset.
When the acid reflux becomes severe then it can result in changes in the inner esophagus. Though it can help ease the heartburn it can have a negative effect on the esophagus and also lead to cancer. GERD can also occur in children, but the symptoms in children cannot be determined easily. Children with GERD generally experience nausea, respiratory problems and frequent coughing. They might also show a loss in appetite, halitosis weight loss, increased burping and crying.
As per researchers GERD is seen to be more widespread in infants. It is important to understand the symptoms of GERD and keep an eye on the appearance of them. The symptoms appear from time to time. It is important to have a balanced diet and keep the body nourished. There are a number of home remedies that can be used to help relieve the symptoms of GERD but if the condition becomes severe then it is important that you see a physician and get things sorted. If the condition goes untreated then it can lead to a number of complications and even be a cause for cancer. So, have a look at the conditions and see a doctor if the condition does not improve.