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Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

About 15% of people with vertigo experience this condition. Patients with this kind of condition experiences paroxysms of vertiginous bouts every time they move their head. They experience these paroxysms every time they go out of bed and when bending their neck. The intensity of attack is sometimes shorter and frequent. The inner ear is the part which is responsible in this kind of condition. A person who experiences this condition needs to know more about their ear to be able to understand the condition further.

The inner ear is consists of cochlea and semi-circular canals which is connected to the fluid vestibule. Cochlea is more concerned with hearing while the semi-circular canal is the responsible for maintaining the overall balance and posture of the body. Movement of the head makes the fluid inside the canal move the fine hair inside the inner ear which in return stimulates the vestibular nerve. The brain will then receive a signal or message about the location of the head with respect to the whole body.

The main cause of this condition is due to the dislodgement, infection, direct blows, and sudden head injuries. People with colds are prevented to blow their nose harder because it can affect the inner ear causing BPPV. The nose is also connected with ear that is why people with colds or runny nose should take extra careful in blowing their nose.

Patients with this kind of condition can experience dizziness or nausea, loss of balance, vertigo, light headedness, and nystagmus. All of these symptoms can direct in the condition of having BPPV. Patients experiencing these symptoms should see a physician or ear specialist.

This condition is benign and is not a very serious condition. But, it can create great disturbance for people who are experiencing frequent bouts and dizziness. The treatment is more focus on repositioning it in safe position. Where it cannot be moved and stimulated. One of the most common treatments is called the Epley’s manoeuvre which is done by specialist. This manoeuvre requires certain head movements by the patients.

Many also believe that the BPPV recovers without any treatment. It is believed that the canaliths repositioned themselves over time even without repositioning. In some cases that nothing works, surgical plugging is one of the methods to be used. The success rate of this operation is always 100%.

People should be aware about the importance of their ear and do not ignore any symptoms that is not normal. Do not underestimate the disturbance that it can cause especially for working people. It can paralyze your daily activity and will make you worthless every time you experience frequent bouts. Exercising your head every once in awhile can help. Do not clean your ear with sharp objects because it damages the inner ear and can result in great damage. Sudden accidents can also cause the occurrence of BPPV. It is better to consult a physician if you experience any head injury in the past that might trigger the occurrence of BPPV.

John Perry

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