Acne, also known as "spots" is a problem that many people face. It doesnít matter how old you are or what ethnic group you belong to, acne can develop at any time on anyone. There are many things which cause acne from hormonal changes to dry or oily skin and each type of acne is different. There are also a variety of diverse treatment options depending on the root cause. If acne is mild to moderate, it can normally be treated successfully at home. However, there are some cases that will require a visit to a dermatologist. Some of the following information may prove helpful to someone who is struggling with acne problems.
Treating Hormonal Acne
There are many stages during a personís life that bring hormonal fluctuations. Puberty, pregnancy and menopause are just some of the reasons a personís hormones may go a bit out of whack. Sometimes when this occurs, acne can develop. Hormonal acne most commonly develops along the jaw line and neck but can occur just about anywhere. The only way to know for sure if acne is in fact due to hormonal changes is to see a physician and have your hormone levels checked. If tests determine that a specific hormone level is too high or too low then appropriate hormone therapy can begin. This will usually help get rid of acne that is associated with hormonal imbalances quickly. For example, some doctors prescribe particular birth control pills for women who are struggling with hormone imbalances. This will usually clear this type of acne up in no time at all.
Oily Skin and Acne
Over active sebaceous (oil glands) glands can also contribute to acne. This means your glands are producing too much oil and the effect can be a series of pimples or blackheads. The best method of treating this type of acne is to keep the skin as free of oil as possible. A special facial cleanser which has been designed for oily skin is often effective in treating acne that is specific to oily skin. For this type of acne it is important to keep your face clean at all times, and focus on using products which have been created with oily skin in mind. This includes facial cleansers and acne creams. To determine whether or not you have oily skin is not difficult at all. If you run your fingers across your forehead and feel a greasy feeling, you have oily skin. Using spot treatments can help get rid of this sort of acne very quickly.
Dry Skin and Acne
Most people are unaware that skin that is too dry can also result in acne. This is because your oil glands are trying desperately to produce extra moisture and in many cases this can cause localized acne in certain spots on your face. To treat this type of acne you will want to be sure and use products that do not dry the skin. When cleansing your face, use mild facial cleansers that have been designed for dry skin. After cleansing be sure to moisturize and keep your face properly hydrated. This can be achieved by using a mist several times a day over the face. In addition, you will want to be sure and use an acne treatment that is geared toward use on dry skin. By eliminating the problem of dry skin you can begin to clear any spots associated with it almost immediately.
Over the Counter Products
Some people find success with products that contain benzoyl peroxide while others have more luck with products that contain salicylic acid. Both ingredients have been found highly effective in treating mild to moderate forms of acne and can be found in a variety of different products. Some products are called "spot treatments" or "rapid acne treatment" these will usually begin clearing acne almost right away. When using any products for acne always perform a test by applying a small amount to a spot on your face to be sure there is no adverse reaction such as swelling, itching, rash or severe chafing. While it isnít common for people to suffer allergic reactions to over the counter acne medications it can occur. Be sure to follow the instructions posted on the label.
Prescription Acne Medications
Resistant acne or that which is severe will almost always require professional treatment. If you have been using over the counter acne medications to no avail, consider seeing a dermatologist. When someone has acne problems that they cannot seem to get rid of seeing a doctor is usually the wisest choice for a number of reasons. Doctors can determine the cause of your acne and this is very important in terms of treatment. Once a cause is established the proper treatment can be given. In addition, seeing a dermatologist will usually offer the acne sufferer much faster results as the medications are more aggressive.
Keep Your Hands Off Your Face
Any time you have any sort of open wound whether it is acne or some other skin disorder which leaves your face vulnerable, it is best not to touch your face, no matter how tempting it may be. You can easily turn a tiny little blemish into a gigantic pimple by picking and squeezing at it. Not only does this allow bacteria and dirt to get into your pimple but squeezing pimples can cause pock marks that are unsightly and never go away. If you must squeeze a whitehead then make sure you apply some warm water over the spot for a few minutes to open the pore. Take a piece of tissue and gently squeeze the puss out. Do not ever force a pimple to pop that is not ready! This is what causes ugly scarring.
Even the worst acne problem can be managed and treated with little to no scarring provided proper care is given. Using "kid gloves" on acne can help minimize any sort of permanent scars that often occur with severe cases of scarring. Remember, you only get one face. Treat it kindly and always keep the consequences of poor decisions regarding acne at the forefront of your mind.