Good and healthy hair is everyone’s dream, both for men and women. Dandruff is a typical problem that affects many people. Dandruff is caused by massive flaking of dead skin tissues. Dead skin tissues are also triggered by external reasons like;
- Using wrong shampoo
- Hot temperature, which cause people to wash their hair often
- Using hot water while rinsing the hair
- Improper cleaning when rinsing
- Very dry or very cold weather
Internal Causes of Dandruff
Besides these external factors, there are specific skin problems that can also cause dandruff, they are eczema, psoriasis, and seborrheic dermatitis.
Psoriasis is a skin condition, which causes rapid skin cell development, and as the result the skin color turns to red, especially on the dried and thickened area. Psoriasis commonly attacks nails, elbows, knees, and scalp. In certain condition, psoriasis might extend to hairline and goes to the forehead and backs of the ears. The common form of the psoriasis is psoriasis vulgaris. The severity of psoriasis vulgaris might vary between one person and another. When psoriasis vulgaris occurs on your scalp, then it can result in dandruff. Psoriasis happens because our immune system wrongly treats the skin as the enemy.
Seborrhoeic Dermatitis (also called 'Seborrheic Eczema')
This is another kind of skin problem that can cause dandruff on our scalp. Common symptoms are flaking and itchiness at the irritated skin area. It is a skin disorder that commonly affects the scalp and sometimes other parts of the body as well. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is basically similar with scalp psoriasis. However, on scalp psoriasis, the flake color is silvery to grey while in seborrhoeic dermatitis, they are yellow to white.
Eczema is quite similar to both scalp psoriasis and seborrhoeic dermatitis, but it is a far more chronic condition, as the moisture level is higher and oozing often occurs. This skin disease occurs on areas where a lot of sebum is produced. When human body produces too much sebum, then malassezia yeast may grow out of control.
Luckily, there are several home remedies that can overcome the dandruff problem. To deal with these skin disorders, there are several options you can do to overcome the problem, and they can involve natural or medical treatments. Commonly, people will use natural materials as solution such as; aloe vera, coconut oil, tea tree oil, avocado, and honey.
Dandruff Treatment With Herbs
• Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), it is an active herbs, which affect the skin moisture, as the result, rosemary is often used as an ingredients in shampoo and other hair products.
• Ash Gourd (Benincasa hipsida), its peel and seeds can keep your scalp moist and it is quite effective for controlling dandruff.
• Alfalfa (Medicago satina), hair loss can happen due to skin disease. A combination of alfalfa, carrot, and lettuce, can speed up your hair growth.
Dandruff Treatment With Healthy Diet
Before following a treatment plan for your dandruff problem, you need to determine whether any food you eat has caused your skin problem through allergic conditions. If you often eat certain suspect foods then it is suggested to stop their consumption. It is found that healthy diet can be helpful in reducing dandruff and keeping the scalp healthy. Here is a short guideline of food that you need to avoid during the treatment:
• Foods with high fat content
• Dairy products such as: milk, yogurts and other dairy products
• Fermented foods (cheese, wine, breads, all variant of alcoholic beverages)
• Foods rich in Vitamin C, (oranges, tomatoes, lemons, tamarind). Vitamin C can encourage dandruff production
Home treatment to treat dandruff can be performed safely. When you are one of those who have lots of dandruff then these are simple steps that you can do at home.
Aloe Vera: Use the gel form, apply it on your scalp, leave it overnight and wash it with shampoo the next day. Aloe Vera is easy to grow as well. To get safe and natural gel, you can scrape it off directly from the plant instead of buying the ready-to-use gel that is available in the market.
Salt: Before you wash your hair, you should massage the scalp twice a week with fine natural salt. It helps to stimulate blood circulation and can even prevent or treat hair loss. However, if hair loss is caused by excessive DHT, then the additional blood flow may further aggravate the condition.
Beetroot: Make a paste from boiled beetroot and massage your scalp with it before bedtime. White beetroot is more preferable because it won’t stain your hair and clothing like red beetroot.
Egg: Mix three whole eggs with some water. After you beat them evenly, massage your damp hair with the mixture. Leave it for about 15 minutes and wash with lukewarm water.
Aspirin: Dissolve two aspirin on some water and it can be a good anti-dandruff shampoo. Rub your scalp with it, leave it for three minutes and rinse thoroughly.
The combination of ginger root and olive oil is also perfect to decrease the dandruff level and nourishes your hair. Apply it onto your scalp in a regular basis.
Other common natural combination is a mix of sandalwood paste with lemon juice. Apply it onto your scalp while it is still fresh.
Finally, the word hygiene needs to be strongly emphasized; you should realize that your hair needs an equal attention when compared to other parts of your body. Washing your hair in a regular basis is important and you should try to stick with one kind or brand of shampoo rather than changing it frequently. Choose a mild shampoo, which is suitable with your hair type. Make sure that when you are washing your hair, do it thoroughly. The next step is to brush your hair to remove the flakes. Your scalp should be moist all the time as dandruff ‘loves’ dry scalp.
It is believed that dandruff might also be caused by stress; you should also exercise regularly to keep your mind and body healthy. You can choose to do yoga, Pilates, or other exercises that is comfortable for you.