There is little doubt that there are probably thousands of people walking the streets today who have a dangerously high blood pressure, yet they are completely unaware of it.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure leads to many different medical problems such as:
Different factors for causing high blood pressure include:
The problem with high blood pressure or hypertension to give it it's proper name is that very often people are unaware they are suffering from it until they start suffering the side effects. This is one of the reasons why it is called the "silent killer".
There is little doubt that salt intake has a direct effect on blood pressure. Both this and the ingestion of dietary potassium have been found to have adverse effects on a person's health.
Obesity is another major problem. Overweight people are more liable to have a higher blood pressure than their slim counterpart. The heart and other vital organs have to work harder which leads to added strain.
Alcohol also plays a direct part in hypertension. It has been found in several studies, that the higher the alcohol consumption, the higher the blood pressure. However similar studies have also shown that moderate drinkers appear to have a lower blood pressure than non drinkers. This probably bears out the old assumption a little of what you fancy does you good!
The only true way of ascertaining whether you have high blood pressure or not is by having it checked by a competent person. This is a painless procedure, and every adult should have their blood pressure taken at least on an annual basis if not more often.
Though symptoms of hypertension or high blood pressure are not common, some people can complain of headaches, blurred vision light headedness and dizziness.
At one time the treatment of high blood pressure (Hypertension), followed a very rigid approach. Nowadays doctors are much more relaxed about the way they approach the treatment of hypertension or high blood pressure in their patients, preferring a much more patient centred approach.
It is recognised that those people who have pre-existing conditions such as cardiovascular damage, kidney disease or stroke present with their own set of individual problems which all need treating on an individual basis; therefore it's important that any medical or drug treatment is carefully tailored around them.
The first treatment of choice for those suffering with high blood pressure is usually a lifestyle change. For those who are overweight, smoke, lead very stressful lives or don't exercise, sometimes this is the only wake up call they need. Once they make the lifestyle modifications required, they will often find their blood pressure will lower itself too a more normal limit.
As long as they keep these lifestyle changes, there shouldn't really be any reason why they need to worry about their blood pressure later though of course it should be carefully monitored on a regular basis.