Like any other medicine even birth control pills have some side effects. However, not all the women who use these birth control pills would experience the side effects, it is usually seen that most of the women who take birth control pills can tolerate these pills easily. Even if side effects are seen to occur, they are minimal and either do not require any treatment or can be treated easily. It is also a possibility that some of the birth pills might show lower or no side effects as compared to the other birth pills.
To start with, it is important to understand that there are basically two types of birth control pills. You can either have a combination pill, which has both progesterone and estrogen as their ingredients. Another type of birth control pill is the mini pill, which has only progesterone as the main component. Both of these pills act in more or less the same manner. The common mode of action of these medicines is that they increase the production of the cervical mucus and decrease the lining of the uterus, which is an important factor for supporting pregnancy. In addition to these mechanisms of action the combination pill acts in yet another way like by preventing the ovulation.
Both of these types of pills have some side effects or the other on women who consume them on a regular basis. Some of the most common side effects of birth control pills include:
• Sore or swollen breasts
• Weight gain
• Lighter periods
• Spotting or discharge between periods
• Mood changes
Some of the side effects that are rarely seen but can be serious include:
• Stomach (abdominal) pain
• Pain in the chest
• Severe headache
• Blurred vision or other eye problems
• Pain or swelling in the legs and thighs
• Allergic reactions
If you observe any of these symptoms after having birth control pills, then it is important that you contact your doctor immediately. Often, these symptoms can indicate serious problems like blood clots, gallbladder disease, liver problems, heart disease, high blood pressure, and more. Most of these severe side effects are a result of the inability of the body to cope up with the hormonal level that increases because of the consumption of these pills. If you are allergic to the estrogen, then you should opt for the mini pill that has the main component as progesterone.
It is important that before you start taking any birth control pills you should consult your gynecologist. Your gynecologist is the best person who can suggest you on which pill would be the best for you. Deciding on the pill that would be good for your health depends on a number of factors like weight, age, health conditions, family history, gynecological history, and the like. So, take these into consideration, talk to your gynecologist and then decide which birth control pill would be the best for you.