How Does Shock Affect the Body?

Shock can be a very serious health condition as it is sometimes leads to mortality. There are several types of shock thus leaving different types of effect in our body system.

To site some common types of shock and its effect to our system are as follows:

Anaphylactic shock

It is the type of shock wherein the system reacts to an allergen causing adverse allergic reactions or hypersensitivity reactions. It affects the body in such a way that the tissues swell and there is a difficulty in breathing. An example of this situation is when you ate a food into which you are allergic to or when you are bitten by an insect, you can see the bitten part swell or you can see red swelled parts in your skin.

Toxic shock syndrome

It is a type of shock caused by bacterial toxin. It is usually associated with specific types of bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. It affects our body in such a way that it causes high fever, dizziness and feelings of confusion, vomiting and diarrhea as well as joint and muscular pains.

Usually, this case is rare sometimes it is nosocomial, meaning it can be hospital acquired. This happens when after the surgical operation, bacteria infect the wound. This can also be fatal if untreated immediately.

Septic shock

It is the type of shock caused by infection of bacteria in our system or blood called sepsis. It is again a serious condition and can lead to death. It affects a local part or sometimes the entire system of our body causing multiple organ failures. It causes tissue perfusion, meaning lack of proper nutrients and oxygen by our tissues which can cause the organs to fail. It also affects our blood pressure and myocardial function.

Hypovolemic shock

It is the type of shock caused by decreased blood volume in our system. Several organs are affected by this condition and as a response to this our body system responds through the receptors. The receptors are found in our heart and kidneys. The heart detects that there is a low volume of blood; it tries to adjust as well in accordance to the volume. Another organ is the kidney, once it detects the change of blood volume it also does a change to compensate the volume that is lessened due to hypovolemia. Patients who have this usually feel thirsty and dizzy. Furthermore, blood pressure is lowered.

Cardiogenic shock

This shock is caused by the loss of the ability of the heart to pump blood thus causing blood pressure to drop. It affects our system in a way that blood supply to different tissues is decreased.

Hypoglycemic shock

This is the type of shock associated with diabetic people. The blood sugar drops to low and not enough glucose is utilized by our system and tissues.

Neurogenic shock

This shock can occur when there is an injury or trauma in the brain or in the spine; in response to this our blood vessels dilate causing lesser volume of blood going to our heart. As with other forms of shock our system blood flow again is affected.



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