‘UTI’ stands for ‘Urinary Tract Infection’ which is a common problem in cats. Here we will be discussing how to treat UTI in cats, and learning a little about the condition.
Before we look into how to treat UTI in cats, it is important to first be able to identify cases and to learn what cases them. Usually UTI is caused by a bacterial infection, and sometimes a high ash and mineral content in the food. This can be further exacerbated by dehydration and stress. To identify and diagnose the condition watch your cat’s toilet habits and keep a particular eye out for your cat ‘straining’ or squatting when they are using their litter tray. They may also urinate more or less frequently, and might make sounds indicating they are in pain when they use the toilet. They will also likely be quiet the rest of the time, may seem to clean their genital area more than usual and may be sick. You should also check your cat’s urine for blood.
Be sure that as soon as you notice these symptoms you have your cat checked over by a vet. This is especially important if your cat has blood in its urine as the condition may be something more serious. A vet will perform a urinalysis to test for crystals, blood and bacteria and to examine the pH levels.
Once the condition is diagnosed, your vet will talk you through how to treat UTI in cats. Normally this will mean helping your cat to rest and reducing stress. They will also rehydrate the cat using IV, and you should continue to ensure that your cat gets enough water during the day and that the bowl is replaced with fresh water regularly. The vet may also recommend diet changes, and you should change to a high quality cat food to ensure that this is not the cause.
If there is a block in your cat’s urinary tract, then your vet will insert a catheter into the uretha to dislodge it. This is an unpleasant procedure but in the long run will be good for your cat. This obviously requires anaesthetization and probably a hospital stay. If they should find a tumor or abnormality meanwhile, then they will remove this with surgery after talking through the risks and exact procedure with you.
Finally you will be given antibiotics to take home and you should ensure that your cat completes the course. Help your cat to stick to its new diet and get lots of water, and return if you notice any other signs that the problem is persisting. If you cat does not adapt to its new diet, the vet might prescribe acidifiers.