Causes of Night Blindness

Night blindness is a medical condition that affects a person’s ability to see things clearly at night or in an environment with dim or no light. Usually, individuals affected by night blindness are advised against driving or moving far away from home once the sun set offs. Problem with one’s retina is cited as the cause of night blindness. As such, there are certain medical ailments that can create problems in one’s retina and thereby result into night blindness. Let’s have an in-depth look at the causes of night blindness.


Cataracts are one of the common causes of night blindness. Basically, it’s a formation of cloudy areas that develop around one’s eyes as one grows older in age. Usually, individuals over the age of 50 develop this issue. A person’s vision gets deteriorated over a period of time, eventually resulting into night blindness.


An individual affected by myopia or nearsightedness can also fall prey to night blindness. A myopia affected person faces hardships focusing his/her eyes. Subsequently, the objects that are far away from the person appears very blurry to him/her. Such individuals experience difficulty seeing things during the night time.

Poor Nutrition

In some cases, deficiency of Vitamin A can cause night blindness. Vitamin A keeps our skin and eyes healthy. Inadequate supply of Vitamin A to the body can result into night blindness over a period of time, which is why one is advised to watch out their routine diet. Inclusion of foods that are rich in Vitamin A is a good choice over here to stay immune from night blindness.

Side Effects of Medication

Side effects of certain medications can also cause night blindness. Certain medications out there can prevent Vitamin A absorption in our body. As mention earlier, deficiency of Vitamin A can result into night blindness.

Birth Defects

In some cases, a newborn baby enters the world with this horrible disorder. Few babies are born with birth defects that harm their retina, thereby resulting into night blindness. Fortunately, this condition can be treated effectively with the aid of proper medication.

Night Blindness Prevention

“Prevention is better than cure”, isn’t it? In most cases, night blindness can be prevented by taking proper care of one’s health. One of the obvious means to prevent night blindness is to take Vitamin A pills to ensure that the body does not lack Vitamin A. Those who are not comfortable with the idea of taking pills can include Vitamin A rich foods in their diet.

Foods such as milk, spinach, liver, eggs, carrots and apricots are loaded with Vitamin A. Based on the underlying cause of the problem; night blindness can be attended properly by resorting to appropriate medications. For instance, one can resort to cataract removal treatment, if they are affected by night blindness due to cataract.

Importance of Timely Treatment

Early diagnoses and treatment is a must over here to ensure that the condition doesn’t worsen. In some cases, the inability to resort to timely treatment can prevent best results upon recovery. Some individuals recover only some of their sight after treatment. Until the condition is cured, one must ensure that they do not indulge in any activity that can pose health risk in dim or no light environment.

1 comment

  1. Matt Reply
    January 20, 2013 at 6:05 am

    add more on the night blindness prevention…

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