Types of Female Contraceptives


There are a number of different contraceptives that women can use in order to prevent pregnancy. Some methods are more effective than others and some are more reversible than others. The first step in finding the right choice in terms of birth control is to become familiar with the many different types as well as how each of them work. It is also important to speak with your doctor about which would be best for you, depending on your needs. Keep in mind that some methods of birth control are more hormone insensitive, whereas, some are not. Before making a choice, make sure and do your homework so that you can make a better educated decision. The following compilation of information is designed to give you a better idea different types of birth control that are available to women, as well as specific information about them.

The Pill

One of the oldest and most reliable forms of birth control for women is a birth control pill. There are couple of different variations which are available. The first is considered a combination pill. It contains both progestin and estrogen. The second type contains only progestin. The way these pills work is that they prevent a woman from ovulating as well as seeking the mucus of the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to pass through. In addition, birth control pills will also cause the uterine lining to thin significantly. This makes it more difficult for a fertilized egg implants itself there. Birth control pills are said to be 99% effective, when taken regularly and without missing a dose. Birth control pills are commonly given to women who suffer from other conditions which could be caused by hormonal imbalances, in addition to just being used to prevent conception.

Depo-Provera Shot

According to the American Pregnancy Association, there are two distinct types of hormone shots used for birth control. The shop is most commonly used in the US is called Depo-Provera, also known as DPMA. This injection is given once every 12 weeks, which makes this a much more attractive option in terms of convenience for many women. The main reason women find this option so convenient is that there are no pills to keep up with on a daily basis. The hormone injection shots work much in the same way birth control pills work. After a woman receives a birth control shot to immediately stop ovulating, thereby making conception impossible. DPMA shots are also 99% effective. The second is the birth control shot is called Lunelle which works much like DPMA, except for the fact that it only provides protection for one month. However, according to the FDA, this particular shot is no longer an option for people living in the US. This is because there are definite questions in regards to how effective this shot is.


The NuvaRing, also referred to as a vaginal ring is a flexible ring that is inserted in the vagina, sitting against the vaginal wall. This ring works by releasing estrogen and progesterone into the body. It prevents pregnancy by stopping ovulation and thickening of mucus in the cervix. This ring stays inserted for a period of three weeks and is then removed during the week of a woman’s menstrual cycle. After the menstrual cycle has ended, a new national ring is then inserted. Planned Parenthood reports that the vaginal ring is 99% effective, if it is used correctly. Many women consider this method of birth control should be a hassle as it changed on a monthly basis. This leaves a lot of women look at other birth control options. However, there are still many women swear by this method of birth control. To find out if the vaginal ring is good for you, you should speak with your doctor and find out what the risks are.

Birth Control Patch

The patch which is also referred to by its brand name Ortho Evra is adhered to the skin located on the lower abdomen. The patch works in the same way as the vaginal ring by releasing progestin and estrogen into the body. According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, dispatched should be worn for at least three weeks and then removed in order to have a menstrual period. At the end of the cycle, a new patch will be placed on the skin. The birth control patch is considered 99% effective, when used properly to prevent pregnancy. The birth control patch is not ideal for women live in warmer tropical climates have a tendency to wear bikinis often. This is because can be considered unsightly. However, many women enjoy this option because they feel it is one of the safer long-term birth control choices.

Barrier Methods of Birth Control

A barrier method of birth control is considered anything that will block sperm from getting to the cervix. Some of these things include diaphragms, cervical caps, sponges and female condoms. The cervical cap and diaphragm are latex devices that are cup shaped and cover the cervix. The female condom works by lining the vaginal walls. The sponge is very similar to the other devices which cover the cervix, however it contains a special spermicide that kills sperm on contact. In addition, when using a diaphragm, a spermicide should be introduced as well. Barrier methods of birth control are only about 85% effective but when used in conjunction with other forms of birth control, they can be 99% effective as well.

It is important to keep in mind that none of the above-mentioned forms of contraception are effective in stopping the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. The only way to fully guarantee that you will not become pregnant is to abstain from sexual intercourse. However, since that is an unrealistic expectation, any of the above methods should work just fine. Because there are so many different types of side effects associated with each of the above-mentioned methods of birth control, it is very important to make sure that your doctors opinion before you use any type of birth control. Your medical history will play a major role type of birth control your gynecologist will prescribed to you.

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