Top Causes of Infertility in Men and Women

There are some couples who try and try and just cannot seem to get pregnant no matter what they do. The sad truth is that infertility is an issue that can affect anyone, no matter what age or gender they may be. There are a number of things that can go wrong in the female and male reproductive systems to cause infertility. Some of these things are permanent and there is nothing that can be done about them and then some of them do have treatment options that could help.

The first thing any couple who has been trying to conceive for a period of one year with no success should do is to seek the professional opinion of a fertility doctor to find out which of the two is having the issue and if there is a way to correct it. There are also a lot of other options that are available to help couples who cannot have a baby on their own. Following are some of the most prominent causes of infertility in men and women.

Male Infertility Issues

Men can become infertile for a number of reasons. There are even some cases where men have become infertile due to childhood illness or injury and are not made aware of it until they become older and try to start a family. However, the most common causes of infertility are as follows:

Sperm Count Low – Most men who are infertile are this way because their sperm count is too low. Low sperm count simply means that there are fewer than 20,000,000 sperm in each ml of semen. There are a lot of things that could cause a man to have a low sperm count and sometimes it is very hard for doctors to find a definitive cause. This can be very hard on a man and it can cause him to have feelings of frustration and inadequacy. One common reason that men have low sperms counts is as a result of a condition called varicocele, which simple means there are varicose veins present in the testicles. This type of swelling in the vein often causes the man’s temperature to rise and as a result the sperm mobility and production is significantly decreased.

Low Quality of Sperm – Another common cause of male infertility is the presents of abnormally shaped or slow moving sperm, this is considered low sperm quality and it can make conception very difficult as the sperm will not reach the woman’s egg in time for fertilization. Most of the time this happens as a result of poor lifestyle changes or because of certain medications a man may be taking There is also a lot of research to suggest that some of the following substances can lead to a lower quality of sperm as well as a low sperm count and should be avoided when trying to conceive a baby.

  • Marijuana
  • Nicotine
  • Pesticides
  • Certain Prescription Medications

Female Fertility Issues

Women have much more complex reproductive systems than men and so it stands to reason that there are a number of complications that could occur causing a woman to become infertile. There are also many different treatments and alternatives available to women that are not always available to men. Female infertility seems to be a lot easier to treat and correct. Some of the following reasons seem to be the most common when it comes to a woman being unable to become pregnant.

Hormone Imbalances – One of the number one reasons that a woman will find herself unable to conceive is that she has some kind of a hormonal imbalance which is hindering ovulation. In fact, some hormonal imbalances could be so severe that a woman may stop ovulating altogether. The good news is that there are a number of different synthetic hormones which can be given to women in order to even out their hormone levels and help things to go back to normal within their bodies. Some of these hormone therapies take a little while before they work and some of them are effective almost immediately. It depends a lot on the severity of the hormone imbalance and how badly it has affected the woman’s body.

Medical Conditions – There are some conditions such as PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) and Endometriosis that can cause a woman to build up scar tissue within her fallopian tubes. There is also some evidence to suggest that having abortions, even just one abortion can also result in scar tissue which will have the same effect. When a woman’s fallopian tubes develop a blockage it becomes very hard or even impossible for sperm to pass through. Fortunately, this can also be corrected with a surgical procedure in most cases. In cases where there has been severe damage IVF may become necessary. Ovarian cysts are another leading cause of female infertility.

Age and Lifestyle – There are also a number of poor lifestyle choices that can contribute to infertility such as excessive drug or alcohol use, smoking, stress and overall poor health habits. Smoking cigarettes has been associated with an increase in the chances for an ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, stillbirth, miscarriage and even cervical cancer. It is also a fact that women, as the age, begin to slowly lose their ability to become pregnant. This is because the amount of healthy eggs they release each money decreases significantly with each year that passes after about the age of 35.

Infertility is a broad terms that is used to describe a condition in which a man or woman is unable to reproduce. Usually after a period of 12 months of trying, using no protection during sex and no pregnancy results, infertility is suspected in either the man or the woman. If you have been struggling to become pregnant and have found that you have not had success after this period of time passes, the best thing to do is seek a professional opinion by someone who specializes in infertility issues. There are many tests which can be performed on both men and women to help get to the bottom of whatever the problem is and why they are unable to conceive.

1 comment

  1. Noleen Reply
    July 5, 2012 at 5:25 am

    I would like to know, if my son who had a big bladder operation, is it possible that he might be infertile or not.

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