Spinal Fracture Types

Cracks that occur on our spine due to spinal trauma are referred as spinal fractures. In some cases, minor falls can also result into a spinal fracture, which might demand extensive treatment. As such, most spinal fractures can be tackled without a surgery. However, major spinal fracture would settle for nothing less than an expensive surgery. Needless to say, the condition is accompanied with loads of pain and discomfort. The severity of the condition would depend upon the type of spinal fracture. So, let’s have a look at the different types of spinal fractures.


Compression fracture can occur due to a mild or solid blow to the vertebra. This type of spinal fracture is commonly witnessed amongst elderly people. As we age, our vertebra gets weak. It fails to absorb more stress. Subsequently, one falls prey to compression fracture due to some sort of impact on our vertebra.

Axial burst fracture

Axial burst fracture usually makes way into an individual’s life due to a major impact on the spinal cord such as a car accident or a free fall from a heightened spot. Unlike compression fracture, burst fracture is considered to a grave condition. Over here, more than one vertebra might be fractured.


This is usually a result of a head-on collision, where your spine is pulled forcefully from two different directions. For instance, a car bumping against a solid object may force your body forwards, while the seat belts may push your body back. The spine fails to withstand the incredible force exerted from two opposite directions. In such extreme cases, one might fall prey to flexion-distraction fracture.

Transverse process fracture

Transverse process fracture can occur from lateral bending or rotation of the body. Although this condition may not be grave, it can make way into your life quite unexpectedly.


Fracture-dislocation occurs due to an abrupt shift or dislocation of an already injured vertebra. More than often, such a fracture affects a person’s stability and movement.


Contrary to the general belief, spinal fractures are not the same as a broken leg or an arm. As mentioned earlier, it’s a dislocation or fracture of our vertebra that damages our spinal cord. Few of the most common causes cited for the cause of spinal fracture are accidents, fall and sports related injuries. Depending upon the extent of damage caused on one’s spine, a person will experience mild or severe pain and discomfort.

In some cases, sufferers even struggle to perform basic activities such as walking. Some also attain a state of paralysis, wherein they are unable to move their arms or legs. While spinal fractures can be dealt with conventional treatment, severe injuries may require a surgery to realign the bones. Even after a successful surgery, one will have to devote several days or weeks for the healing process. Besides this, one may have to resort to certain precautionary measures to ensure that the injured area is not exposed to unnecessary strain, which might hamper the healing process.

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