Every cat has a tendency to vomit or have diarrhea once in awhile. This can be completely normal or it can be a sign of something serious. Most of the time the cause is something as simple as hairballs or something the cat has eaten that did not agree with him. Another common cause of vomiting and diarrhea in cats is stress. In addition, cats also tend to gulp their food down quickly and this can certainly cause them to regurgitate some of it. If your cat should begin to vomit or gets diarrhea at any point in time, provided the cat is not showing any other symptoms you may be able to treat him at home without having to go to the vet’s office.
Remove All Water and Food
The very first thing you do when you have any animal that is vomiting and having diarrhea is take away all food and water for at least a period of 6 to 8 hours. This is because food and water will do nothing at this point but aggravate the situation. With that being said you also do not want to risk dehydration so you may want to allow just a few small sips of water every 30 or 40 minutes. If an entire period of 24 hours goes by with no change and the cat is still having diarrhea and vomiting then you want to contact a vet. If you should see an improvement in the cat within that 24 hour period you may slowly begin to reintroduce food to see how he does.
When You Do Reintroduce Food and Water
Never should you attempt to reintroduce an unlimited amount of water or place the food dish back in front of your cat for at least the 6 to 8 hour period. However, once that time has elapsed, provided your cat has not vomited, dry heaved or had diarrhea again then you can slowly offer very bland foods such as chicken and rice, cook ground beef that has been drained or even a meat variety of baby food. You should also offer water at this point and watch to see how your cat does. Is your cat drinking? Your cat may not feel like eating but drinking is essential. You cannot allow a sick cat to go for too long with no water. After 8 hours your cat should want a little bit of water. If he/she does not want to eat yet then that may be understandable but drinking is an absolute must to avoid the cat from becoming dehydrated. If your cat does eat make sure that you watch him closely for at least an hour or so to see if there was any vomiting or diarrhea as a result.
Watch Your Cat Closely
Your cat cannot speak to you so it is up to you to try and figure out what is happening with him. If he is vomiting then there must be a reason. Try to see if you can investigate and figure out what may have caused the cat to become ill. Do you see evidence that leads you to believe the cat may have eaten something toxic such as a chemical of some kind? Perhaps your cat ate a dead animal that made his stomach sick. Watch the way your cat’s stools look. Is there any blood present? Does the vomit have a specific color to it? You may want to try and collect a stool sample just incase you do decide to bring him to the vet. You must also note whether or not his behavior is fine otherwise. Does he seem lethargic or like he is in some kind of pain? These are all very important things to watch for is your cat is not feeling well.
Clean Up Well After the Cat
Not only is it a very wise idea to clean the cat’s litter box but you also want to be sure and disinfect anything else your cat has come in contact with, particularly the areas he has vomited in or anywhere he has had an “accident”. This is because there is a possibility that he has something infectious or contagious and you would not want him to continue being exposed to it. This is even more important if there are other cats in the home or even small children. Humans can become very ill from cat feces, specifically pregnant women. Carry around a spray bottle with some kind of cleaning agent containing bleach and some clean and dry towels. Use these to clean up any spills or secretions. Empty the cat litter box and thoroughly disinfect it a couple of times a day while you feline is sick.
Things That Are Considered an Emergency
There are many things you should watch for that would indicate an emergency situation in which you would not want to wait on taking your cat to the vet. Blood present in stool or vomit is an emergency; do not delay to seek medical attention. If you notice that the cat’s vomit smells like feces then this is a sign of something more serious. Vomiting and diarrhea that are together is also not a good sign. Projectile vomiting or vomiting that occurs many times in a very short window of time is also something to get medical attention for. In addition, if you suspect that your cat has eaten something that is poisonous then please do not delay in taking him to the vet. You may only have a short period of time to get treatment for that. If your cat has a fever of higher than 106.05 then you should definitely take him in to be seen. Never attempt to give a cat human medication as this could kill him. Finally, if your cat is showing any other signs of distress or illness or if he appears to be in some kind of pain then call your vet right away.