Birthmarks are often defined as visible marks that are unique to each individual and can’t easily go away. Birthmarks can widely vary in size, shape and color. Most birthmarks are small and can easily be concealed by clothing. However, on others, birthmarks can be rather large and highly visible, which can negatively affect the visual appearance. Some birthmarks may even pose health risk, such as cancer. For these reasons, these people may opt to remove the offending skin area.
Common Types of Birthmarks
Pigmentation birthmarks: They occur when the skin has too much pigments in one specific spot. They include some moles and typical brownish spots. In many cases, they will fade after the child reaches 8 years old.
Macular stains: Also called salmon patches, these birthmarks usually appear as link-pink patches and flat. Macular stains are often visible around the neck and eyelids. On some children these marks may fade, but on others they won’t disappear.
Vascular malformations: They can happen anywhere on our body. Vascular malformations won’t go away and may appear on face and other highly visible areas.
Parents may consider a cosmetic surgery to remove birthmarks on their children. Over the years, recent methods are becoming more effective and safer.
It is a non-invasive method and doesn’t require an overnight stay. The recovery method for this treatment is mainly composed of rest. Laser treatments won’t cause a scar, making it a popular birthmark removal procedure for many people. The operator will focus a light beam into the target area, the heavily pigmented cells will heat up and burst. This method can also be used effectively to remove moles. The destruction of cells will trigger a natural healing process; new normal cells will replace the destroyed dark skin cells.
Depending on the type, shape and size of the birthmark, the treatment can take anywhere between five minutes to three hours. On milder cases, the recovery period can end in just a few hours after the treatment; however on people with larger birthmarks the recovery period can take days. Two weeks after the treatment, the birthmark will become darker and then finally fades.
On some people, the birthmarks are deeper, as the result they may experience bruising and tenderness after the laser treatment. Mostly, they would be normally disappear in just one week. It’s normal to feel a slight burning or tingling sensation when the targeted area is being treated with laser. Treatment of deep birthmarks can cause wound and bleeding, but eventually the wound will heal. Other rare complications of laser treatment are scarring, infection and prolonged pain. Contact your doctor when symptoms persist for more than three days.
When taken orally, it can help to reduce the size of birthmarks. Possible side effects are round face and weight gain. It can also be used as injected medication. Corticosteroids can penetrate the blood vessels under the birthmark and shrink the discolored area. The positive result can be obtained in two or four weeks.
It is used only when corticosteroids are unable to remove birthmarks effectively. Its likely side effects are liver problems, neutropenia, irritability and fever. The positive result can be obtained between three and six months.
By regularly scrubbing the area, dead skin cells can be removed and it encourages the development of normal, healthy cells; allowing birthmark to lighten in color. However, the profoundness of the birthmark determine the effectiveness of this method.
OTC Acne Creams
OTC acne cream can help to lighten the color of birthmarks, especially those that contain a byproduct of vitamin A, called Retin A. This products can encourage the development of new, normal skin cells, lightening the color of birthmarks.
This treatment is often used to treat hemangioma. The rate of recurrence is between 10 and 25 percent. After the procedure is completed, the treated area will be wrapped in compression dressing and high-level activity is prohibited to prevent the appearance of post-operative hematoma. In rare cases, hemorrhage may occur spontaneously when biopsy and surgical resection are performed. Often, hemangioma recurs if the surgical excision is performed incompletely.
Home and natural remedies are often proven and safe procedures, which are passed down through the generations. However, the result can be slow and they may only diminish, instead of eliminating birthmarks completely. However, on smaller birthmarks, with pale color, home remedies can prove to be effective.
It can improve skin moisture naturally and assist in skin cells restoration. Olive oil can diminish the color of birthmarks. Soak a cotton ball in extra virgin olive oil and rub it in circular motions on the affected area for about 5 minutes. Rinse the area with warm water. You may need to do this for a couple of months, four times a day.
It is a natural bleaching agent and can lighten the color of birthmarks. Soak a cotton ball in lemon juice and rub the birthmarks using circular motions for 5 minutes, then let the juice-soaked ski dry. Rinse with warm water. The treatment take about one or two months to get the desired results, repeat three times a day.
Tomatoes also provides skin bleaching properties and can exfoliate the skin cells. It can help to remove dark pigmented spots. Heat some tomato juice in the microwave for 30 seconds. Soak a cotton ball in the juice and rub the area using circular motion, then air-dry the area. Rinse with cool water. You can repeat this treatment three or two times a day for one month.
Vitamins and Minerals
Selenium and vitamin E supplements encourage the production of fresh skin cells, however, at high amount they can be toxic. Consult the doctor before taking the supplements. Fresh vegetables and fruits should become a primary component of your daily diet.