AuthorSteven Parker

Arthritis: The Facts

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Introduction “Arthritis” literally means joint inflammation, but it is often used more broadly to describe any joint or connective tissue disorder. These diseases are also referred to as the rheumatic diseases of which over 150 different disorders have been described. This chapter presents information on osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, gout and...

Worksite Health Promotion: The Facts

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Introduction The last ten years has brought major changes in employer attitudes toward workplace health promotion programs. Interest in self-help and self-care programs has increased as growth in health care costs have encroached substantially into profits. Changes in the organizational structures of health care facilities, in particular the growth of the for-profit health care sector, and the...

Mental Illness: The Facts

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Mental illness encompasses a heterogenous group of disorders ranging from exaggerated response to stressful events to altered mentation from specific neurologic or genetic abnormalities. In any 6-month period, an estimated 29.4 million Americans, or 18.7% of the U.S. population, suffer from one or more of the mental disorders described by the Diagnostic Interview Schedule. Among males, the most...

Digestive Diseases: The Facts

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Introduction Digestive diseases encompass more than 40 acute and chronic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract ranging from common digestive disorders to serious, life-threatening diseases. More than 34 million Americans are afflicted with diseases of the digestive system, 20 million of whom have chronic disorders. It is estimated that 8% of the U.S. population have chronic digestive diseases...

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome: The Facts

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Introduction The first cases of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) were reported in the U.S. in June of 1981. The occurrence of the syndrome among homosexual men, intravenous (IV) drug abusers and, later, blood transfusion recipients and persons with hemophilia suggested a transmissible agent as the cause. In 1984, scientists identified a retrovirus, human immune deficiency virus (HIV)...

Diabetes: The Facts

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Introduction Diabetes is a chronic disease of impaired glucose metabolism resulting from a deficiency in the action of the hormone insulin. There may be a quantitative deficiency of insulin, production of an abnormal insulin, peripheral resistance to its action or a combination of deficits. The elucidation of insulin’s role in the pathogenesis of diabetes and the eventual use of purified...

Cardiovascular Disease: The Facts

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Introduction Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in the United States and, as a category, includes coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebro-vascular disease (stroke), hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. The underlying pathologic condition in most cases of coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease and stroke is atherosclerosis. The formation of atherosclerotic...

Cancer: The Facts

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Introduction Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States behind heart disease. Provisional mortality figures show that in 1984, 452,470 persons died from cancer in the U.S. According to the American Cancer Society, this figure will rise to 472,000 in 1986. This means that 1,293 people die of cancer each day in the U.S., or about one every 67 seconds. An estimated 930,000...

Hispanic Americans: The Facts

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Introduction With more than 7% of the population, Hispanic Americans are the second largest minority in the United States. The Hispanic population is comprised of persons from diverse origins including Mexican (60.6% of total Hispanic population), Puerto Rican (15.1%), Cuban (6.1%), Central and South American (10.2%) and other Hispanic origin (8.0%). In 1985, 16.9 million Hispanic Americans...

Native Americans: The Facts

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Introduction Native Americans are a diverse group of peoples from varied cultural backgrounds. More than 500 tribal groups are recognized by the Federal government. The population of Native Americans in 1986 was estimated at 1.6 million or 0.7% of the entire U.S. population. The American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) population served by the Indian Health Service (IHS) is young (32% below age...

Steven Parker

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